Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2nd October, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was honoured by Indians as the Father of the Indian Nation. His birthday is celebrated every year as Gandhi Jayanti. He was popularly also known as Bapu which means Father.
His father Karamchand Gandhi was the chief minister of Porbandar . His mother name was Putlibai Gandhi. At the age of 13, Gandhi married to Kasturba Makhanji. Gandhi had 4 children. He studied law in London and returned to India in 1891 to practice.
Mahatma Gandhi was called a powerful political leader or freedom activist who had played an important role in India’s struggle for Independence against the British rule of India where his ideology of truth and non-violence influenced many. Basically, his simplistic lifestyle was admired not just only in India but also over the outside world . His methods inspired various leaders, youths in India as well as out of India who spread the message of swaraj and taught Indians how to become independent.
In the Indian history, he is considered as the most prominent personality as the simplest person who wears dhoti.
He did his schooling from Rajkot and get his college degree from Samaldas college in Bhavnagar in 1888 at Gujarat but Gandhi was not satisfied with the studies at Samaldas College and so he decided to go to London to pursue further studies i.e. Law.
Mahatma Gandhi Roles
He has spent his 20 years in South Africa, where work for the welfare of that section of society by protesting and standing against the injustices and racial discrimination with non- violence method. He established the Natal India Congress and improved the rights of Indians in South Africa. After he returned to India in 1915, he was transformed into a new person and joined the Indian National Congress with Gopi Krishna Gokhale as his mentor. Thereafter, he played his role in Indian Independence Movement.
Gandhi was also a great writer which involves his autobiography, The Story of My Experiments with truth written by his own. He also wrote Hind Swaraj in 1909 which was published in Gujarati, Satyagraha in South Africa.
He led Non-Cooperation Movement, Civil Disobedience Movement, Swaraj and Quit India Movement against the British government. But the Champaran and Kheda movement led in Bihar and Gujarat was considered his major achievement.
In 1930, Gandhi was named the Man of the Year by Time’s Magazine. Also, he named as one of the 25 top political icons of all time in 2011.
Then in the year 1982, Ben Kingsley portrayed the role of Mahatma Gandhi in film Gandhi, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
On 30th January, Gandhi was shot by Nathuram Godse . Despite being a Hindu Nationalist and a member of the Hindu Mahasabha he accused Gandhi of favouring Pakistan and was opposed to the doctrine of Non- violence. So, this day is observed as Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas.